ادب و قدرت: نشانگرهای زبانی مخالفت در جلسات دفاع از پایان‌نامه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه اراک

چکیده

تأثیر عامل قدرت در نظریه­های زبان­شناسی ادب همواره مورد تأکید بوده‌است، اما نحوه این تأثیر در همه بافت­ها و موقعیت­ها یکسان و ضرورتاً مطابق با پیش­بینی نظریه­ها نیست. در تحقیق حاضر، نشانگرهای زبانی ادب در جلسات دفاع از پایان­نامه کارشناسی‌ارشد به زبان فارسی هنگام بیان نظر مخالف بررسی شده است. هشت جلسه دفاع در چهار گروه آموزشی در دو دانشکده ضبط و موارد ابراز  نظر مخالف از نظر نوع نشانگرهای ادب و بر اساس رابطه نسبی قدرت بین افراد مخالفت کننده و مخالفت شونده (استاد-دانشجو، دانشجو-استاد، استاد-استاد و دانشجو-دانشجو) در چارچوب نظریه ادب براون و لوینسن (1987) بررسی و تحلیل شده است. نتایج حاصل نشان­دهندة تأثیر عامل قدرت بر نوع و بسامد به‌کارگیری نشانگرهای زبانی ادب در بیان نظر مخالف است، اما چگونگی این تأثیر در برخی موارد برخلاف پیش­بینی براون و لوینسن (1987)  و لیچ (1983) و پیچیده­تر از رابطه یکسویه­ای است که در این رویکردها تصور شده است. عامل قدرت در تعامل با عواملی، همچون شدت تهدید وجهه، منزلت، شرایط اختصاصی بافت موقعیتیِ جلسه دفاع و احتمالاً تفاوت­های نسلی امکان بروز و ظهور می­یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Politeness and power: linguistic markers of disagreement in thesis defense sessions

نویسنده [English]

  • S. M. Hosseini
Arak University
چکیده [English]

Power has been identified as an important variable in linguistic theories of politeness but the way it influences interaction is not always in line with the models’ predictions. In this research, linguistic markers of disagreement have been studied in eight master’s thesis defense sessions in four departments. Tokens of disagreement between participants with power differentials (professor-student, student-professor) and those with equal relative powers (professor-professor, student-student) were extracted and analyzed within the framework of Brown and Levinson’s (1987) theory of politeness. The results clearly point to the influence of relative power relations but not necessarily in the manner predicted by Brown and Levinson (1987) or Leech (1983). It is concluded that power is displayed and exerted in thesis defense sessions by interacting with other factors such as severity of the face-threat, status, specific requirements of the context and, probably, generational differences.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • politeness
  • Power
  • Disagreement
  • thesis defense session
  • Persian

کتابنامه

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