خودایستایی و مقولۀ تهی در ساخت کنترل اجباری زبان فارسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه زبان‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

  در این مقاله سعی می‌شود نوع مقولۀ تهی در کنترل اجباری (obligatory control) به درون متمم التزامی در زبان فارسی تشخیص داده شود. در این زمینه سه فرضیۀ اصلی مطرح می‌شود. بر اساس فرضیۀ اول متمم التزامی در ساخت کنترلی به علت ناقص بودن زمان ، ناخودایستا (nonfinite) و مقولۀ تهی از نوع ضمیر مستتر (PRO) است. طبق فرضیۀ دوم متمم التزامی خودایستا (finite) است و مقولۀ تهی در کنترل اجباری در متمم التزامی ، از نوع ضمیر ناملفوظ (pro) است و در فرضیۀ سوم علیرغم خودایستا بودن متمم التزامی، مقولۀ تهی همچنان ضمیر مستتر فرض می ‌ شود. در این مقاله با ارائۀ دلایلی مبنی بر خودایستا بودن متمم التزامی فرضیۀ اول رد می‌شود وسپس نشان داده می‌شود که برخلاف فرضیۀ دوم مقولۀ تهی در کنترل اجباری در زبان فارسی، رفتاری متفاوت با ضمیر ناملفوظ دارد. بنابراین از آنجا که مقولۀ تهی همانند ضمیر مستتر دارای کنترل کنندۀ موضعی (local) و دارای خوانش باز (sloppy) و تعبیر به خود (De-se) است فرضیۀ سوم تأیید می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Finiteness and Empty Category in Persian Obligatory Control Construction

نویسنده [English]

  • R Motavallian
University of Isfahan
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is to determine the type of empty category in Persian obligatory control construction with subjunctive complement. Regarding this subject, three hypotheses are proposed. Based on the first hypothesis, subjunctives in control environments are nonfinite because they involve a defective T, and null subject is PRO. The second hypothesis maintains the finiteness of the subjunctive and assumes that obligatory control can be established with pro. The third hypothesis maintains both the finiteness of the subjunctive and the strict association between control and PRO. In this article, providing some evidences, we show subjunctive complements are finite and reject the first hypothesis. Then it is shown that in contrast with the second hypothesis, null subject is different from pro. Consequently supporting the third approach, null subject is treated as PRO allowing local control, sloppy and De-se reading.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • obligatory control
  • pro
  • subjunctive complement
  • finiteness

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